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Iran,Israel,anti-Christ's 70 000 Persian Jews & Kaaba in

  1. Íránci se v průměru dožívají 70,56 let, u žen je toto číslo 72,07, u mužů 69,12. Průměrný věk činí v současnosti 25 let u žen a 24 let u mužů (celkový průměr 25,8 let).[41] Gramotnost je 79%. Podle odhadů emigrovalo, většinou od revoluce v roce 1979, asi pět milionů íránských občanů do jiných zemí.[42][43]
  2. At the time of the event, Crown Prince Fahd was in Tunisia for a meeting of the Arab Summit. The commander of the National Guard, Prince Abdullah, was also abroad for an official visit to Morocco. Therefore, King Khalid assigned the responsibility to the Sudairi Brothers – Prince Sultan, then Minister of Defence, and Prince Nayef, then Minister of Interior, to deal with the incident.[29]
  3. The Saudi state news agency said the kingdom had completed all arrangements for the Iranian pilgrims to return, without offering details. Iranian officials did not immediately comment, although Iran’s Tasnim news agency said this month that Iran would send about 80,000 pilgrims this year.

V oblasti hudby byl Írán od 19. století vystavován západním vlivům – první vojenskou hudbu evroého střihu měli již kádžárovští šáhové. Moderní pop music se výrazněji rozvinula až v sedmdesátých letech a po islámské revoluci byla rychle zakázána. Její nejznámější představitelkou byla zpěvačka Kúkúš (Gúgúš). Rock se stal ve větší míře populární koncem let devadesátých, kdy vznikla celá řada skupin, působících zprvu uvnitř podzemní subkultury. Vládě nakonec nezbylo nic jiného než se s existencí některých těchto těles smířit, takže skupiny jako např. 127 a The Technicolor Dream již natočily i písně nazpívané anglicky. V současné době existuje i íránský heavy metal. Narodil se zde i zpěvák Arash Labaf. Al-Otaybi was from one of the foremost families of Najd. His grandfather had ridden with Ibn Saud in the early decades of the century and other of his family members were among foremost of the Ikhwan.[10] He was a preacher, a former corporal in the Saudi National Guard and a former student of Sheikh Abdel Aziz al-Baaz who went on to become the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia. In a tweet, Saudi Arabia’s embassy in Washington said the two missiles had been intercepted in Mecca province, which includes Jeddah and Taif.

Pod vládou dynastie Pahlaví (1925–79)editovat editovat zdroj

Pro Írán je typické subtropické podnebí s výraznou kontinentalitou, na jihu pak horké a suché podnebí tropického charakteru. Průměrná teplota činí v lednu 2–19 °C, v červenci 25–32 °C. Srážky od západu k východu ubývají, nejvíce jich spadne v oblastech u Kaspického moře (ročně až 2.000 mm). Nejsušší jsou kraje u slaných jezer ve vnitrozemí, zatímco v pouštích při jižním pobřeží dochází v noci ojediněle k tvorbě mlhy. Na horách v severních oblastech země a náhorních plošinách na severozápadě v zimě sněží. Mecca owns its hometown paper, Al Nadwa. However, other Saudi and international newspapers are also provided in Mecca such as the Saudi Gazette, Al Madinah, Okaz and Al-Bilad. The first three are Mecca's (and other Saudi cities') primary newspapers focusing mainly on issues that affect the city, with over a million readers. The Saudi National Guard and the Saudi Army suffered heavy casualties. Tear gas was used to force out the remaining militants.[41] According to a US embassy cable of 1 December, several of the militant leaders escaped the siege[42] and days later sporadic fighting erupted in other parts of the city.

1987 Mecca incident - Wikipedi

In 628, Muhammad and his followers wanted to enter Mecca for pilgrimage, but were blocked by the Quraysh. Subsequently, Muslims and Meccans entered into the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, whereby the Quraysh promised to cease fighting Muslims and promised that Muslims would be allowed into the city to perform the pilgrimage the following year. It was meant to be a ceasefire for 10 years. However, just two years later, the Quraysh violated the truce by slaughtering a group of Muslims and their allies. Muhammad and his companions, now 10,000 strong, marched into Mecca. However, instead of continuing their fight, the city of Mecca surrendered to Muhammad, who declared peace and amnesty for its inhabitants. The pagan imagery was destroyed by Muhammad's followers and the location Islamized and rededicated to the worship of God. Mecca was declared as the holiest site in Islam ordaining it as the center of Muslim pilgrimage, one of the faith's Five Pillars. Then, Muhammad returned to Medina, after assigning Akib ibn Usaid as governor of the city. His other activities in Arabia led to the unification of the peninsula.[58][72] In 1803 the city was captured by the First Saudi State,[76] which held Mecca until 1813. This was a massive blow to the prestige of the (Turkish) Ottoman Empire, which had exercised sovereignty over the holy city since 1517. The Ottomans assigned the task of bringing Mecca back under Ottoman control to their powerful Khedive (viceroy) of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha. Muhammad Ali Pasha successfully returned Mecca to Ottoman control in 1813. Mecca houses Al-Haram Mosque, the largest mosque in the world. The mosque surrounds the Kaaba, which Muslims turn towards while offering daily prayer. This mosque is also commonly known as the Ḥaram or Grand Mosque.[104] Jiné nevládní odhady týkající se jiných skupin než Peršanů a Ázerbájdžánů zhruba souhlasí s The World Factbook a knihovnou Kongresu. Avšak mnoho vědeckých odhadů a odhadů organizací týkajících se počtu těchto dvou skupin se výrazně liší od uvedeného sčítání lidu. Podle mnoha z nich tvoří počet etnických Azerů v Íránu 21,6–30 % celkové populace, přičemž většina jich drží odhad na 25 %.cJe zde použita šablona {{Ref}} označená jako k „pouze dočasnému použití“.[48]dJe zde použita šablona {{Ref}} označená jako k „pouze dočasnému použití“.[49][50][51][52][53] V každém případě v Íránu žije největší populace Azerů na světě.

Mecca is governed by the Municipality of Mecca, a municipal council of fourteen locally elected members headed by a mayor (called Al-Amin) appointed by the Saudi government. As of May 2015[update], the mayor of the city was Dr. Osama bin Fadhel Al-Bar.[29][30] Population density in Mecca is very high. Most long-term residents of Mecca live in the Old City, and many work in the industry known locally as the Hajj Industry. Iyad Madani, Saudi Arabia's minister for Hajj, was quoted as saying, "We never stop preparing for the Hajj."[119] Year-round, pilgrims stream into the city to perform the rites of Umrah, and during the last weeks of Dhu al-Qi'dah, on average 4 million Muslims arrive in the city to take part in the rites known as Hajj.[120] Celkem 60 % íránské populace žije ve městech. Městské aglomerace trpí přelidněností, nedostatečnou dopravní obslužností a smogem. V první řadě to platí o metropoli Teheránu, která je svými téměř 8 miliony obyvateli zdaleka největším městem země. Z historického hlediska jsou vedle Teheránu nejvýznamnějšími středisky Mašhad, Isfahán, Tabríz a Šíráz. On Sunday, the Houthi-run SABA news agency said the group would start military operations against 300 vital military targets, including headquarters and facilities, in Saudi Arabia and the UAE and coalition targets inside Yemen. V Íránu je 16 národních parků o celkové rozloze 1.649.771 ha, přičemž první národní park vznikl již v roce 1957. Rezervací je v celé zemi celkem 33.

The Zamzam Well is home to a celebrated water spring. The Qishla of Mecca was an Ottoman castle facing the Grand Mosque and defending the city from attack. However, the Saudi government removed the structure to give space for hotels and business buildings near to the Grand Mosque.[107] Ḥira' is a cave near Mecca, on the mountain named Jabal an-Nūr (Arabic: جَـبَـل الـنُّـوْر‎, "Mountain of Light") in the region of Tihamah of present-day Saudi Arabia. It is notable for being the location where Muhammad received his first revelations from God through the angel Jibra'il, who is known as Gabriel to Christians.[108][109] Se Spojenými státy má Írán špatné vztahy od revoluce v roce 1979. Ke zhoršení vztahů přispěla i americká podpora iráckého prezidenta Saddáma Husajna během irácko-íránské války v 80. letech[17] a sestřelení íránského civilního letadla Iran Air 655.[18] Po americkém leteckém útoku v iráckém Mosulu 17. března 2017, při kterém zahynulo přes 200 civilistů, Írán obvinil Spojené státy ze spáchání válečného zločinu a požadoval, aby se útokem zabýval Mezinárodní soudní dvůr v Haagu.[19] By evening the entire city of Mecca had been evacuated. Prince Sultan appointed Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, head of the Al Mukhabaraat Al 'Aammah (Saudi Intelligence), to take over the forward command post several hundred meters from the mosque, where Prince Turki would remain for the next several weeks. However, the first order of business was to seek the approval of the ulema, which was led by Abdul Aziz bin Baz. Islam forbids any violence within the Grand Mosque, to the extent that plants cannot be uprooted without explicit religious sanction. Ibn Baz found himself in a delicate situation, especially as he had previously taught al-Otaybi in Medina. Regardless, the ulema issued a fatwa allowing deadly force to be used in retaking the mosque.[33]

Islámská republikaeditovat editovat zdroj

The Houthis have repeatedly targeted Saudi cities and oil installations with missiles and drones, mostly n border areas. Twice, in 2016 and 2017, the coalition said the group had launched a missile toward Mecca, but the movement said it was targeting nearby airports. V roce 1997 byl zvolen prezidentem umírněný duchovní Muhammad Chátamí, pod jehož vedením započal pokus o liberalizaci režimních struktur. Byla zmírněna cenzura, v tisku se po dlouhé době objevovaly kritické hlasy na adresu vlády a reformní strany navíc triumfovaly v parlamentních volbách v roce 2000. Konzervativní kruhy kladly tomuto vývoji od počátku silný odpor, a protože moc prezidenta i parlamentu je v Íránu omezená, podařilo se reálně docílit jen málo změn. V roce 2004 nakonec vládnoucí konzervativci eliminovali volebními manipulacemi oponenty v parlamentu a o rok později získali vítaného spojence v novém konzervativním prezidentu Mahmúdu Ahmadínežádovi, známém svými výpady proti Izraeli. Současná situace v Íránu je komplikovaná – velká část společnosti si přeje změny, není však prozatím sil, které by je politicky mohly prosadit. V oblasti zahraničních vztahů vzrostlo poslední dobou napětí se Spojenými státy, především kvůli podezření, že Írán usiluje o získání jaderné zbraně.

Írán, úředně Íránská islámská republika (persky ایران‎‎, původně Árjan, neboli země Árjů) je stát v Přední Asii. Dřívější název Persie, užívaný především v západním světě, se oficiálně přestal používat od roku 1935[3]. Na západě Írán sousedí s Irákem (Kurdistán), na severozápadě s Tureckem, Arménií a Ázerbájdžánem, na severu s Turkmenistánem, na východě s Afghánistánem a na jihovýchodě s Pákistánem. V jižní části je omýván vodami Perského zálivu, Ománského zálivu a Arabského moře, na severu je to moře Kaspické. Počtem asi 82 milionů obyvatel a rozlohou zhruba 1,65 milionu km² náleží Írán mezi 20 nejlidnatějších a nejrozlehlejších zemí světa. Státní útvar je administrativně rozdělen na 31 provincií, ty se dělí na okresy a na menší okrsky. Hlavním městem je Teherán s populací zhruba 9 mil obyvatel, s aglomerací zahrnující obyvatelstvo prakticky celé provincie pak více než 13 mil. obyvatel.[4] Dalšími významnými metropolemi jsou Mašhad, Isfahán, Tabríz, Ahváz, Šíráz, Karadž, Qom nebo důležitý přístav Bandar Abbás. The first direct mention of Mecca in external literature occurs in 741 CE, in the Byzantine-Arab Chronicle, though here the author places it in Mesopotamia rather than the Hejaz.[35] Under Saudi rule, much of the historic city has been demolished as a result of construction programs – see below. On 20 November 1979 two hundred armed Islamist dissidents led by Saudi preacher Juhayman al-Otaibi seized the Grand Mosque. They claimed that the Saudi royal family no longer represented pure Islam and that the Masjid al-Haram (The Sacred Mosque) and the Kaaba, must be held by those of true faith. The rebels seized tens of thousands of pilgrims as hostages and barricaded themselves in the mosque. The siege lasted two weeks, and resulted in several hundred deaths and significant damage to the shrine, especially the Safa-Marwa gallery. Pakistani forces carried out the final assault; they were assisted with weapons, logistics and planning by an elite team of French commandos from the French GIGN commando unit.[82]

Írán - Wikipedi

Zvláštní duchovní soud se zabývá přestupky a trestnými činy způsobenými představiteli duchovenstva. Funguje nezávisle na jakýchkoli ostatních soudech, jediný, komu se zodpovídá, je Nejvyšší soud. Rozsudky jsou neměnné a nelze se proti nim odvolat. Shromáždění expertů, které se sejde na jeden týden každý rok, se skládá z 86 "čestných a učených" duchovních volených na základě pasivního volebního práva. Coordinates: 21°25′19″N 39°49′33″E / 21.42194°N 39.82583°E / 21.42194; 39.82583 Traditionally during the month of Ramadan, men (known as Saggas) provided mineral water and fruit juice for Muslims breaking their fast at dusk. Today, Saggas make money providing sweets such as baklava and basbosa along with fruit juice drinks.[citation needed]

Grand Mosque seizure - Wikipedi

The battle had lasted for more than two weeks, and had officially left "255 pilgrims, troops and fanatics" killed and "another 560 injured ... although diplomats suggested the toll was higher."[43] Military casualties were 127 dead and 451 injured.[4] On 9 January 1980, 63 rebels were publicly beheaded in the squares of eight Saudi cities[11] (Buraidah, Dammam, Mecca, Medina, Riyadh, Abha, Ha'il and Tabuk). According to Sandra Mackey, the locations "were carefully chosen not only to give maximum exposure but, one suspects, to reach other potential nests of discontent."[12] Mecca features a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh), in three different plant hardiness zones: 10, 11 and 12.[101] Like most Saudi Arabian cities, Mecca retains warm to hot temperatures even in winter, which can range from 19 °C (66 °F) at night to 30 °C (86 °F) in the afternoon. Summer temperatures are extremely hot and consistently break the 40 °C (104 °F) mark in the afternoon, dropping to 30 °C (86 °F) in the evening. Rain usually falls in Mecca in small amounts scattered between November and January.

Mecca - Wikipedi

  1. The mixture of different ethnicities and nationalities amongst Meccan residents has significantly impacted Mecca's traditional cuisine.[citation needed] The city has been described as one of the most cosmopolitan Islamic cities, with an international cuisine.[116]
  2. In World War I, the Ottoman Empire was at war with Britain and its allies, having sided with Germany. It had successfully repulsed an attack on Istanbul in the Gallipoli Campaign and on Baghdad in the Siege of Kut. The British agent T.E. Lawrence conspired with the Ottoman governor Hussain bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca. Hussein bin Ali revolted against the Ottoman Empire from Mecca, and it was the first city captured by his forces in the Battle of Mecca (1916). Sharif's revolt proved a turning point of the war on the eastern front. Sharif Hussein declared a new state, the Kingdom of Hejaz, and declared Mecca as the capital of the new kingdom.
  3. Po vypuknutí druhé světové války okupovaly Írán Velká Británie a SSSR, což souviselo jednak s vojenskou strategií Londýna i Moskvy, jednak s šáhovou proněmeckou politikou. Obě velmoci také dosadily Íráncům nového vládce – dosavadního korunního prince Muhammada Rezu Pahlavího, absolventa internátní školy ve Švýcarsku. Pod dohledem okupačních vojsk se ve dnech 28. listopadu až 1. prosince 1943 konala v íránském hlavním městě Teheránská konference za účasti Roosevelta, Churchilla a Stalina.
  4. Saudi Arabia made a rare invitation to Qatar for its emergency Iran summit. Here's what to expect Published Thu, May 30 2019 5:29 AM EDT Updated Thu, May 30 2019 1:19 PM ED

Nejvyšší vůdce jmenuje hlavu justice země, který obratem jmenuje hlavu Nejvyššího soudu a prokurátora neboli nejvyššího žalobce. Existuje několik typů soudů, mezi nimi veřejné soudy, zabývající se občanskoprávními a kriminálními případy, a také tzv. Islámský revoluční soud, zabývající se určitou kategorií trestných činů, hlavně vlastizradou a zločiny proti státní bezpečnosti. Rozsudky Revolučního soudu jsou neměnné a nedá se proti nim odvolat. Iran blames its child workers - already starved and abused - for coronavirus spread Noor Pahlavi. COVID-19 is coming to Iraq and Nigeria, war never left Isioma Kemakolam and Salah Abdulrahman In the Islamic view, the beginnings of Mecca are attributed to the Biblical figures Abraham, Hagar and Ishmael. The civilization of Mecca is believed to have started after Ibrāhīm (Abraham) brought his son Ismāʿīl (Ishmael) and wife Hājar (Hagar) here, for the latter two to stay. Some people from the Yemeni tribe of Jurhum settled with them, and Isma'il reportedly married two women, one after divorcing another, at least one of them from this tribe, and helped his father to construct or re-construct the Ka'bah ('Cube'),[48][20][49] which would have social, religious, political and historical implications for the site and region.[50][51][52][51]

WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 — A group of armed fundamentalist Moslems believed to be from Iran seized the Grand Mosque in Mecca today and fought off a counterattack by Saudi troops for several hours. There were reports here this evening that an Imam of Mecca, a leader of the Moslem faith, was killed in crossfire at the mosque. The State Department said had no confirmation of his death.The Quran Gate, located on the Jeddah-Mecca Highway, marks the boundary of the area where non-Muslims are prohibited to enter. It is the entrance to Makkah and the birthplace of Muhammad. The gate was designed in 1979 by an Egyptian architect, Samir Elabd, for the architectural firm IDEA Center. The structure is that of a book, representing the Quran, sitting on a rehal, or book stand.[110] The first expansion project undertaken by the Saudi government was launched during King Abdulaziz era.[83] However, the first real expansion was undertaken by King Saud Bin AbdulAziz Al Saud in 1956.[84] The second expansion took place during the era of King Fahad bin Abdulaziz. The project was launched in 1988 by the late Saudi King Fahad bin Abdulaziz. By the end of this expansion, the great mosque had the capacity to accommodate one, and a half Million Worshippers.[85] The third expansion took place during King Abdullah Bin AbdulAziz Al Saud era as the mosque was able to accommodate around two million.[83] Lately, the current Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz has planned a $100 billion expansion project with an aim to accommodate 30 million pilgrims by 2030.[86]

Írán je multikulturní zemí s mnoha etnickými a jazykovými skupinami. Základní rozdělení lze učinit do tří větších skupin - skupina perská, což jsou především Peršané (kolem 50-60 %), Kurdové (7 %), Lúrové, Balúčové, Arméni, Gílánci, Mazandaránci, a další etnika. Dále skupina turkická - íránští Ázerbájdžánci (Ázeři) zastoupení až 24 %, Turkmeni, Turci, Kaškájové a konečně semitská skupina zastoupená především Araby a Židy. Iran constructed their on kabba. Irani Muslims Abusing Mecca(Makkah) Created New Kaaba for Themselves.Irani Muslims Abusing Mecca Created Kaaba for Themselves,people of iran who claimed themselves. Saudi FM: Iran is Destroying all Political Solutions . Monday, 30 October, 2017 - 07:45 . Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir attends a meeting of member states of the Saudi-led coalition in support of the legitimate Yemen government, in Riyadh. adding that the insurgency even targeted the Holy Mosque in Mekka, in a blatant. Mecca is at an elevation of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level, and approximately 80 km (50 mi) inland from the Red Sea.[61] Central Mecca lies in a corridor between mountains, which is often called the "Hollow of Mecca". The area contains the valley of Al Taneem, the Valley of Bakkah and the valley of Abqar.[58][96] This mountainous location has defined the contemporary expansion of the city. The city centers on the Masjid al-Haram area, which is lower than most of the city. The area around the mosque is the old city. The main avenues are Al-Mudda'ah and Sūq al-Layl to the north of the mosque, and As-Sūg Assaghīr to the south. As the Saudis expanded the Grand Mosque in the center of the city, hundreds of houses were replaced by wide avenues and city squares. Traditional homes are built of local rock and are generally two to three stories. The total area of Mecca today is over 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi).[97]

In the early morning of 20 November 1979, the imam of the Grand Mosque, Sheikh Mohammed al-Subayil [ar], was preparing to lead prayers for the 50,000 worshippers who had gathered for prayer. At around 5:00 am he was interrupted by insurgents who produced weapons from under their robes, chained the gates shut and killed two policemen who were armed with only wooden clubs for hitting people who were not listening to them.[27] The number of insurgents has been given as "at least 500"[10] or "four to five hundred", and included several women and children who had joined al-Otaybi's movement.[26] Iran's national hajj organisation said 60 Iranian nationals were injured in addition to the 131 killed. The Fars news agency said Tehran had summoned the Saudi chargée d'affaires to lodge an. No Iranian pilgrims attended the hajj last year because of deepening tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Iranian participation in the pilgrimage had become yet another flash point in their sectarian and strategic conflict.Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are leading a Western-backed coalition of Sunni Muslim states that intervened in Yemen in 2015 to try to restore the internationally recognized government ousted from power in Sanaa by the Houthis in late 2014. Yaroslav Trofimov, a reporter with The Wall Street Journal, talks about the 1979 siege of the Grand Mosque at Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is the holiest site in Islam, and gunmen held it for two weeks

Following the attack, the Saudi King Khalid implemented a stricter enforcement of Shariah (Islamic law),[13] he gave the ulama and religious conservatives more power over the next decade, and religious police became more assertive.[14] The consensus in academic scholarship is that "Macoraba", a place in Arabia Felix named by Claudius Ptolemy, is Mecca. Many etymologies have been proposed but the most suitable one is that it is drived from the Old South Arabian "MKRB" which means temple.[18][19] But in recent months, officials from the two countries have met to discuss Iranian participation in this year’s hajj, leading to Friday’s announcement that Iranian pilgrims could return.

See distance to other cities from Makkah - Saudi Arabia measured in kilometers (km), miles and nautical miles and their local time. Distances are measured using a direct path, as the crow flies and the compass direction is shown as well Riyadh has accused Iran of ordering last week’s drone strikes on two oil pumping stations in the kingdom, for which the Houthis claimed responsibility. Tehran denied doing so. The strikes on Aramco pumping stations came two days after attacks on vessels, including two Saudi oil tankers, off the coast of the UAE, which no one has claimed responsibility for. Historie íránské architektury sahá až do sedmého tisíciletí před naším letopočtem.[71] Íránci byli mezi prvními, kteří v architektuře použili matematiku, geometrii a astronomii. Íránská architektura vykazuje velkou rozmanitost, strukturální i estetickou, která se postupně a soustavně rozvíjí z dřívějších tradic a zkušeností.[72] Vedoucím motivem íránské architektury je její kosmický symbolismus, „kterým se člověk dostává do komunikace a účasti s mocnostmi nebe“.[73]

Saudi Arabia says it intercepted Houthi missiles in Mecca

Mecca has been the site of several incidents and failures of crowd control because of the large numbers of people who come to make the Hajj.[91][92][93] For example, on 2 July 1990, a pilgrimage to Mecca ended in tragedy when the ventilation system failed in a crowded pedestrian tunnel and 1,426 people were either suffocated or trampled to death in a stampede.[94] On 24 September 2015, 700 pilgrims were killed in a stampede at Mina during the stoning-the-Devil ritual at Jamarat.[95] Z organizačního hlediska se vojsko dělí na regulérní armádu, arteš, a revoluční gardy, pásdárán. Celkový počet vojáků v aktivní službě se odhaduje na 545 000, k tomu přistupuje ještě kolem 350 000 osob v záloze. Vrchním velitelem je od dob islámské revoluce duchovní vůdce a v součinnosti s ním působí Nejvyšší rada národní bezpečnosti, která je vrcholným grémiem zabývajícím se bezpečnostní problematikou; ministerstvu obrany přísluší hlavně správní záležitosti.

Iranian Pilgrims Can Participate in Hajj This Year, Saudi

Mecca Mosque Seized by Gunmen Believed to Be Militants

Saudi Arabia makes rare invitation to Qatar for - CNB

Saudi Arabia Seeks 8 New Executioners For All These Dang

Saudi Arabia closes two holiest shrines to foreigners as

  1. utes' walking distance from the holy shrines, and Economy package hotels are about 3-5
  2. The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus writes about Arabia in his work Bibliotheca historica, describing a holy shrine: "And a temple has been set up there, which is very holy and exceedingly revered by all Arabians".[41] Claims have been made this could be a reference to the Kaaba in Mecca. However, the geographic location Diodorus describes is located in northwest Arabia, around the area of Leuke Kome, closer to Petra and within the former Nabataean Kingdom and Rome's Arabia Petraea.[42][43][44]
  3. They would rebuild the graves of the most important Islamic figures in Islamic history including the graves of the prophet Mohammed grandsons, wives, the caliphs, his companions and the grave of the prophet himself, which are located in Medina, th..

Procentuální vyjádření používaných jazyků jsou i nadále předmětem debat, protože mnozí jsou politicky motivováni; zejména pokud jde o největší a druhé největší etnikum v Íránu - Peršany a Azéry. Procenta uvedená ve World Factbook udávají 53 % perštinu, 16 % ázerbájdžánštinu, 10 % kurdštinu, 7 % mázandaránštinu a gílánštinu , 7 % lúrijštinu, 2 % turkménštinu, 2 % balúčštinu, 2 % arabštinu a 2 % zbytek jako arménštinu, gruzínštinu, neoaramejštinu a čerkeštinu.[46] Saudi Arabia blames Iran for oil tanker attacks . Saudi teen facing death penalty for taking part in protests as a child. UK sold £11.5m of arms to Saudi Arabia in months after Khashoggi murder “The Saudi regime is trying, through these allegations, to rally support for its brutal aggression against our great Yemeni people,” Houthi military spokesman Yahya Sarea said on Facebook. Muhammad Rezá Pahlaví po válce umožnil jisté uvolnění politických poměrů a v Íránu se tak na legální bázi zformovaly politické strany. V roce 1951 se stal ministerským předsedou vůdce Národní fronty Muhammad Mosaddek, který měl podporu komunistů a islamistů, jehož vláda znárodnila íránský ropný průmysl, kontrolovaný od počátku století Brity. Toto opatření vyvolalo mezinárodní krizi ve vztazích s Velkou Británií (viz íránská krize) a vyústilo ve státní převrat, zorganizovaný šáhem za podpory CIA. Od té doby vládl Muhammad Rezá Pahlaví diktátorsky pomocí tajné policie SAVAK, přičemž zahraničněpoliticky se silně orientoval na USA a podporoval Izrael. Jeho autokratické metody a přílišné prosazování západní kultury, jakož i překotně prováděná modernizace („Bílá revoluce“) však nakonec postavily proti monarchii téměř celou společnost. Moderní íránská literatura se do širšího povědomí zapsala méně, ačkoli ji reprezentují takové osobnosti jako např. Nímá Júšídž (1897–1960), novátorský básník, jenž zavrhl časomíru a prosazoval volný verš. V současnosti je zejména u mladé generace populární autorka komiksů Marjane Satrapiová (* 1969), žijící v exilu ve Francii (autobiografický komiks Persepolis, který byl posléze i zfilmován[74]).

The city takes in more than $100 million, while the Saudi government spends about $50 million on services for the Hajj. There are some industries and factories in the city, but Mecca no longer plays a major role in Saudi Arabia's economy, which is mainly based on oil exports.[111] The few industries operating in Mecca include textiles, furniture, and utensils. The majority of the economy is service-oriented. 2020-05-12T16:36:39Z. The repatriation flight from Dammam in Saudi Arabia reached Kochi with 174 passengers at 8.12pm. The Air India flight (AI 1924) was the first flight to Kochi from Saudi. The marble mosque in its current shape is the result of a 20-year, $18 billion renovation project began in 1953 by the House of Saud, the ruling monarchy in Saudi Arabia, which considers itself the guardian and custodian of the Arab Peninsula's holiest sites, the Grand Mosque topmost among them.The monarchy's contractor of choice was the Saudi Bin Laden Group, led by the man who in 1957. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925; since then Mecca has seen a tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area, and lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress.[11][12][13] Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.[14][15]

Podnebíeditovat editovat zdroj

Írán je na sedmém místě na seznamu UNESCO s největším počtem archeologických míst, ruin a památek ze starověku. King Salman of Saudi Arabia has pulled off in Mecca what many had thought unlikely -- getting 20 or so disparate Arab nations to unite in a common position against Iran. It is a milepost on a road. Given the inhospitable environment,[36] and lack of historical references in Roman, Persian and Indian sources, historians including Patricia Crone and Tom Holland have cast doubt on the claim that Mecca was a major historical trading outpost.[36][37] However, other scholars such as Glen W. Bowersock disagree and assert that Mecca was a major trading outpost.[38][39][40]

Saudi Arabia intercepts Houthi missile near Mecca News

Muslims see the Old Testament chapter Psalm 84:3–6, and a mention of a pilgrimage at the Valley of Baca, that as referring to the mentioning of Mecca as Bakkah in Quran's Surah 3:96.[20] Some time in the 5th century, the Kaaba was a place of worship for the deities of Arabia's pagan tribes. Mecca's most important pagan deity was Hubal, which had been placed there by the ruling Quraysh tribe[53][54] and remained until the 7th century. Welcome to the Every Massenpanik In Mekka Iran Spricht Von Verbrechen A. Pictures. Go ahead. Read about Massenpanik In Mekka Iran Spricht Von Verbrechen A pictures - you may also be interested in Millenium Station Cc0 Photos also REFLET Cc0 Photos 2020 Even after the seizure of the Grand Mosque, a certain level of forbearance by ulama for the rebels remained. When the government asked for a fatwa allowing armed force in the Grand Mosque, the language of bin Baz and other senior ulama "was curiously restrained". The scholars did not declare al-Otaibi and his followers non-Muslims, despite their violation of the sanctity of the Grand Mosque, but only termed them "al-jamaah al-musallahah" (the armed group). The senior scholars also insisted that before security forces attack them, the authorities must offer them the option to surrender.[23] Íránská vláda oficiálně neuznává existenci nevěřících Íránců. To vede k tomu, že opravdové zastoupení náboženského rozdělení je v Íránu neznámé, tak jako počet nevěřících, spiritualistů, ateistů, agnostiků a odpadlíků od islámu a je pravděpodobné, že jsou tito zahrnováni do vládní statistiky 99% muslimské většiny.[59] Human Rights Watch email correspondence with an Ismaili in Najran, August 22, 2007, and Human Rights Watch interviews with more than six prominent Ismails July 2006 - March 2008

Iran remains the regional hotspot for the coronavirus and is the country with the highest death toll outside China, where the Covid-19 outbreak originated V Íránu je zhruba 23,68 milionu obyvatel v produktivním věku, ale úroveň vzdělání je dosud nízká. Dle oficiálních údajů dosahuje nezaměstnanost zhruba 15 % (stav z roku 2007). Sektor služeb včetně početného správního aparátu zahrnuje 45 % pracovních míst, v zemědělství 30 % a v průmyslu 25 %. Relations between the two countries worsened after the 2015 hajj, when a human crush killed more than 2,400 pilgrims, including more than 464 Iranians, according to a count by The Associated Press. Iranian leaders, including Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, accused Saudi Arabia of having mismanaged the holy sites and called on the world’s Muslims to reconsider Saudi control of them.

Live: Watch . Makkah (-) from Un. Arab Em.

  1. g to have shot down a ballistic missile near the holy city of Mecca, that was reportedly fired by Yemen's Houthi rebels more than 500km across the border. The Saudi-led.
  2. Írán je rozmanitá země, která se skládá z četných etnických a jazykových skupin, které jsou sjednoceny prostřednictvím sdílené íránské národnosti.[33] Počet obyvatel Íránu dramaticky vzrostl během druhé poloviny 20. století z asi 19 milionů v roce 1956 na zhruba 75 milionů v roce 2009.[34][35] Nicméně míra porodnosti v posledních letech výrazně poklesla, což se projevilo v míře růstu populace - v červenci 2012 - asi 1,29%.[36] Studie předpokládají, že růst bude i nadále zpomalovat, dokud se do roku 2050 nestabilizuje na 105 milionech.[37][38] Na rozvojovou zemi má Írán nízkou porodnost (úhrnná plodnost kolem 1,6 dítěte na ženu). Přitom ještě v 80. letech to bylo 6,5 dítěte na ženu. Tento prudký pokles byl zčásti způsoben politikou íránské vlády, která např. rozdávala zdarma kondomy, platila vasektomie a všichni novomanželé museli povinně navštívit přednášku o antikoncepci. Vláda ale v poslední době obrátila a naopak se snaží porodnost podporovat.[39][40]
  3. Muslims will be able to digitally attend the prayers thanks to Wahi, a virtual reality experience that can bring them to Makkah By Arab News · 10 May 2020 Field hospital set up in Makkah as.
  4. Většina obyvatel Íránu je muslimského vyznání, 90 % Íránců se hlásí k šíitské větvi islámu, 8 % k sunnitské větvi. Zbylá dvě procenta tvoří vyznavači nemuslimských náboženství: Bahá’í, mandejství, hinduismu, jazídismu, jarsánismu, zoroastrismu, judaismu a křesťanství. Poslední tři zmíněná náboženství jsou oficiálně uznávaná a chráněná a mají vyhrazená místa v íránském parlamentu.[zdroj?] Íránská židovská komunita je největší na Středním východě (mimo Izrael); navzdory několika vlnám emigrace po vzniku Izraele a po pádu šáha je dnes populace stabilní, kolem 25 000 lidí. Na rozdíl od arabských zemí zde totiž mezi obyvatelstvem nepanuje taková nenávist vůči Židům (i přes antisionistickou rétoriku íránské vlády).
  5. Under Saudi rule, it has been estimated that since 1985 about 95% of Mecca's historic buildings, most over a thousand years old, have been demolished.[11][87]
  6. Last year, 1.8 million Muslims from around the world attended the hajj, which is one of the five pillars of Islam and which all capable Muslims must perform at least once in their lives.

In the Sharḥ al-Asāṭīr, a commentary on the Samaritan midrashic chronology of the Patriarchs, of unknown date but probably composed in the tenth century C.E., it is claimed that Mecca was built by the sons of Nebaioth, the eldest son of Ishmael.[55][56][57] Iran John Bolton Mekka Mike Pompeo Alle Themen Topmeldungen. Video. Boris Palmer und die Grünen : Das Fass ist übergelaufen Wegen seiner umstrittenen Corona-Äußerungen wollen die Grünen Boris.

Coronavirus: Touching Kaaba forbidden as Mecca's Grand

Limited radio communication was established within the Kingdom under the Hashimites. In 1929, wireless stations were set up in various towns of the region, creating a network that would become fully functional by 1932. Soon after World War II, the existing network was greatly expanded and improved. Since then, radio communication has been used extensively in directing the pilgrimage and addressing the pilgrims. This practice started in 1950, with the initiation of broadcasts the Day of Arafa, and increased until 1957, at which time Radio Makka became the most powerful station in the Middle East at 50 kW. Later, power was increased to 450 kW. Music was not immediately broadcast, but gradually introduced.[96] The seizure of Islam's holiest site, the taking of hostages from among the worshippers and the deaths of hundreds of militants, security forces and hostages caught in the crossfire in the ensuing battles for control of the site, shocked the Islamic world. The siege ended two weeks after the takeover began and the mosque was cleared.[9] Al-Qahtani was killed in the recapture of the mosque but Juhayman and 67 of his fellow rebels who survived the assault were captured and later beheaded.[10][11][12] Mecca's culture has been affected by the large number of pilgrims that arrive annually, and thus boasts a rich cultural heritage. As a result of the vast numbers of pilgrims coming to the city each year, Mecca has become by far the most diverse city in the Muslim world. In contrast to the rest of Saudi Arabia, and particularly Najd, Mecca has, according to The New York Times, become "a striking oasis" of free thought and discussion and, also, of "unlikely liberalism" as "Meccans see themselves as a bulwark against the creeping extremism that has overtaken much Islamic debate".[13]

More than two million Muslims from around the world make the annual haj pilgrimage to Mecca. Many also visit the city during the holy month of Ramadan, which is underway. V Íránu žijí lidé mnoha vyznání a etnického původu, stmelení perskou kulturou. Peršané, tvůrci starověké perské říše, jsou nejpočetnější složkou populace. The World Factbook odhaduje, že 79 % íránské populace jsou různé indoevroé etnolingvistické skupiny, které se skládají z mluvčích íránských jazyků,[45] tedy potomků árjských (indoevroých) kmenů, které začaly do dnešního Íránu migrovat ze Střední Asie v 4. tisíciletí př. n. l. včetně Peršanů (vč. Mázandaránců a Gílánců), kteří tvoří 61 % populace, Kurdů 10 %, Lúrů 6 % a Balúčů 2 %. Lidé zbývajících etnolingvistických skupiny tvoří zbývajících 21 %, ze kterých je 16 % Azerů, 2 % Arabů, Turkméni a jiné turkické kmeny tvoří 2 % a další (jako Arméni, Talyšové, Gruzíni, Čerkesové, Asyřané) tvoří 1 %.[46]

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Mecca also attracted a year-round population of scholars, pious Muslims who wished to live close to the Kaaba, and local inhabitants who served the pilgrims. Due to the difficulty and expense of the Hajj, pilgrims arrived by boat at Jeddah, and came overland, or joined the annual caravans from Syria or Iraq. Skip to contentSkip to site indexToday’s PaperArchives|Mecca Mosque Seized by Gunmen Believed to Be Militants From Iranhttps://nyti.ms/1HkfdF1AdvertisementA Saudi coalition spokesman said, “Royal Saudi Defence Forces spotted aerial targets flying through restricted areas in the provinces of Jeddah and Taif and dealt with them as required by the situation,” according to Saudi’s state news agency SPA. *Adjusted for Daylight Saving Time (57 places). Sat = Saturday, May 16, 2020 (5 places). Sun = Sunday, May 17, 2020 (179 places).. km = how many kilometers from Makkah miles = how many miles from Makkah nm = how many nautical miles from Makkah. All numbers are air distances - as the crow flies/great circle distance

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Coronavirus: Courtyard at Mecca's Great Mosque is closed

  1. Iran said 89 of its citizens died in the stampede. It accused its bitter rival of safety errors in connection with the tragedy. More than 220 ambulances and 4,000 rescue workers have been sent to.
  2. It is the birthplace of Muhammad. A cave 3 km (2 mi) from Mecca was the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran,[8][9] and a pilgrimage to it, known as the Hajj, is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, one of Islam's holiest sites and the direction of Muslim prayer, and thus Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in Islam.[10]
  3. As every other answer has stated, this will cause WW3. In the hypothetical situation that your question is based on, Israel has dropped a nuclear warhead on Mecca and successfully destroyed the city. The first thing this will cause is the deaths o..
  4. RIYADH, Saudi Arabia, Wednesday, Nov. 21 (UPI) — The Defense Ministry said today that armed Islamic gunmen I seized the Holy Mosque in Mecca during dawn prayers yesterday and held worshippers captive.
  5. g that he was the promised Messiah. They called on the Moslems in the Holy Mosque to acknowledge him in this capacity, under pressure of the arms they were carrying.
  6. Mecca Metro, officially known as Makkah Mass Rail Transit, is a planned four-line metro system for the city.[134] This will be in addition to[134] the Al Mashaaer Al Mugaddassah Metro which carries pilgrims during Hajj.
StepMap - Saudi-Arabien - Mekka - Landkarte für AsienMasyid al-Haram en Meca - 2 | Galería de Arte Islámico y

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In 2010, the Mecca area became an important site for paleontology with respect to primate evolution, with the discovery of a Saadanius fossil. Saadanius is considered to be a primate closely related to the common ancestor of the Old World monkeys and apes. The fossil habitat, near what is now the Red Sea in western Saudi Arabia, was a damp forest area between 28 million and 29 million years ago.[129] The tensions have risen in recent years as they have supported opposite sides in conflicts in Syria, Yemen, Bahrain and elsewhere. Saudi Arabia, ruled by a Sunni Muslim monarchy, accuses Iran of weakening Arab states by funding militias. Iran, a revolutionary Shiite state, accuses Saudi Arabia of spreading an intolerant interpretation of Islam that has fed terrorism and endangered minorities.Expansion of the city is ongoing and includes the construction of 601 m (1,972 ft) tall Abraj Al Bait Towers across the street from the Masjid al-Haram.[105] The towers were the third tallest building in the world when completed in 2012. The construction of the towers involved the demolition of the Ajyad Fortress, which in turn sparked a dispute between Turkey and Saudi Arabia.[106]

Saudi Arabia united the Arab world against Iran - CN

  1. al American imperialism and international Zionism."[44][45] Anger fuelled by these rumours spread anti-American demonstrations throughout the Muslim world—in the Philippines, Turkey, Bangladesh, eastern Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan.[46] In Islamabad, Pakistan, on the day following the takeover, the U.S. embassy in that city was overrun by a mob, which burned the embassy to the ground. A week later, in Tripoli, Libya, another mob attacked and burned the U.S. embassy.[47][48]
  2. Martin Kramer, Khomeini's Messengers in Mecca, in Martin Kramer, Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival (New Brunswick: Transaction, 1996), pp. 161-87. This is the last and most detailed version of a series of studies devoted to the subject of Iranian-Saudi and Shiite-Wahhabi conflict in Mecca
  3. JEDDAH (R) - Saudi Arabia said on Monday that it had intercepted two missiles in Mecca province fired by Yemen’s Iran-aligned Houthis, who earlier denied having targeted Islam’s holiest site.
  4. State Department officials said that fragmentary reports from Saudi Arabia indicated that the disturbance in Mecca was an isolated incident, and not part of a widespread upheaval in the country. They said that the American Embassy reported that all was calm in Riyadh, the Saudi capital.
  5. The school system in Mecca has many public and private schools for both males and females. As of 2005, there were 532 public and private schools for males and another 681 public and private schools for female students.[128] The medium of instruction in both public and private schools is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language, but some private schools founded by foreign entities such as International schools use the English language for medium of instruction. They also allow mixing between males and females while other schools do not.

Iran's death toll of 465 is the highest announced by any country thus far. Mekka and Madina are in Saudi Arabia and Saudies are looking after Khana Kaaba and Masjid Nabwi since Mohmmad (S. note: The Kabba was established as a point of worship near Mekka before Jerusalam was established, I meant in the history of our curent Islam because the jews and christians were ordered to worship in the direction of Jerusalam during this time-frame, because the Kabba had been corrupted during this time In the 20th century, many fast-food chains opened franchises in Mecca, catering to locals and pilgrims alike.[117] Exotic foods, such as fruits from India and Japan, are often brought by the pilgrims.[118]

In pre-modern Mecca, the most common sports were impromptu wrestling and foot races.[96] Football is the most popular sport in Mecca, the city hosting some of the oldest sport clubs in Saudi Arabia such as, Al-Wahda FC (established in 1945). King Abdulaziz Stadium is the largest stadium in Mecca with capacity of 38,000.[115] The literal meaning of the Arabic word ka`bah is cube and a cubical stone structure made of granite. It is covered with a black silk cloth, known as the kiswa and decorated with gold-embroidered calligraphy. On the southeast side of the building.. Reporting by Lisa Barrington and Asma Al Sharif in Dubai, Stephen Kalin in Jeddah; Editing by Mark Heinrich and Jonathan OatisPtolemy lists the names of 50 cities in Arabia, one going by the name of "Macoraba". There has been speculation since 1646 that this could be a reference to Mecca, but many scholars see no compelling explanation to link the two names.[45] Bowersock favours the identity of these two places, with "Macoraba" being Makkah followed by an aggrandizing Aramaic adjective rabb (great), similar to the modern Arabic custom of officially calling the city Makkah al-Mukarramah (Mecca the Noble). The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus also enumerated many cities of Western Arabia, most of whom can be identified. According to Bowersock, he did mention Mecca as "Geapolis" or "Hierapolis", the latter one meaning "holy city", referring to the sanctuary of the Kaaba, well known already in pagan times.[46] Patricia Crone, from the Revisionist school of Islamic studies on the other hand, writes that "the plain truth is that the name Macoraba has nothing to do with that of Mecca ... if Ptolemy mentions Mecca at all, he calls it Moka, a town in Arabia Petraea"[47] (in northern Arabia near present-day Petra). Isfahan, Half The World Tour in Iran and explore this exotic place. Get travel guides and plan your trip to Iran. Get best offers on your Iran Tour packages. Isfahan is one of the biggest province in Iran and its remarkable for its many historical monuments and great landscapes plus the river Zayand e rood . Zayande Rood (River) There ar

Íránský import dosáhl v roce 2005 částky zhruba 42,5 miliard dolarů. Hlavními dodavateli byly v roce 2004 Německo (12,8 %), Francie (8,3 %), Itálie (7,7 %), Čína (7,2 %), Spojené arabské emiráty (7,2 %), Jižní Korea (6,1 %) a Rusko (5,4 %). V roce 1978 vypukly v celém Íránu rozsáhlé protivládní demonstrace, které přerostly v revoluci a skončily svržením starého režimu. Šáh musel 16. ledna 1979 odejít do exilu a mocenské vakuum vyplnil charismatický duchovní, ájatolláh Rúholláh Chomejní, který se naopak z exilu vrátil. V následujících měsících byly demontovány všechny pilíře šáhovy světské diktatury, referendem schváleno ustavení islámské republiky a do ústavy zakomponovány teokratické prvky. Chomejní postupně prosadil svou politickou doktrínu „o nadvládě teologa“, jež v praxi znamenala, že moc převzalo šíitské duchovenstvo. Čímž byl sekulární, modernizující se Írán pod vládou Šáha uvržen do islámské republiky pod vládou teokratů.[6] With religious approval granted, Saudi forces launched frontal assaults on three of the main gates. Again the assaulting force was repulsed as they were unable to break through the insurgents' defences. Snipers continued to pick off soldiers who revealed themselves. The insurgents aired their demands from the mosque's loudspeakers throughout the streets of Mecca, calling for the cut-off of oil exports to the United States and the expulsion of all foreign civilian and military experts from the Arabian Peninsula.[34] In Beirut an opposition organization (the Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula) issued a statement on 25 November, alleging to clarify the demands of the insurgents. The party, however, denied any involvement in the seizure of the Grand Mosque.[35] Mecca was regularly hit by cholera outbreaks. Between 1830 and 1930 cholera broke out among pilgrims at Mecca 27 times.[78]

The UAE has not blamed anyone pending an investigation. Two U.S. government sources said last week that U.S. officials believed Iran encouraged the Houthis or Iraq-based Shi’ite Muslim militias to carry out the attacks. According to the sketchy reports reach ing Washington, the mosque was seized in the early hours. The group holding the mosque apparently repulsed the first attempt by Saudi National Guard troops to regain control, according to intelligence officials.In February 2020, Saudi Arabia has temporarily banned foreigners from entering Mecca and Medina to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic in the Kingdom.[114] note: The Kabba was established as a point of worship near Mekka before Jerusalam was established, I meant in the history of our curent Islam because the jews and christians were ordered to worship in the direction of Jerusalam during this time-frame, because the Kabba had been corrupted during this time

Schrein des Imam Reza in Mashhad, Iran | Franks TravelboxHet Meidan Emam plein in Isfahan | REiSREPORT

Many of their followers were drawn from theology students at the Islamic University of Madinah. Al-Otaybi joined the local chapter of the Salafi group Al-Jamaa Al-Salafiya Al-Muhtasiba (The Salafi Group That Commands Right and Forbids Wrong) in Medina headed by renowned Sheikh Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, chairman of the Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Issuing Fatwas at the time.[19] The followers preached their radical message in different mosques in Saudi Arabia without being arrested.[20] The government was reluctant to confront religious extremists. When Al-Otaybi, al-Qahtani and a number of the Ikhwan were locked up as troublemakers by the Ministry of Interior security police (Mabahith) in 1978,[21] members of the ulama (including bin Baz) cross-examined them for heresy but they were subsequently released as being traditionalists harkening back to the Ikhwan, like al-Otaybi's grandfather and, therefore, not a threat.[22] Dne 17. února 2008 byla na ostrově Kiš v provincii Hormozgán otevřena Íránská ropná burza (IOB), na níž se místo obvyklých petrodolarů začíná obchodovat v petroeurech – trend, související se stabilním postavením eura jako mezinárodního platidla, ale i s krizí ve vztazích s USA v poslední době. The Houthis denied that their missiles were targeting Mecca, a pilgrimage site roughly 70 km (40 miles)from Jeddah and 50 km (30 miles) from Taif. The group called the claim a tactic by Saudi Arabia to rally support for its war.

It has been reported that there are now fewer than 20 structures remaining in Mecca that date back to the time of Muhammad. Other buildings that have been destroyed include the house of Khadijah, the wife of Muhammad, demolished to make way for public lavatories; the house of Abu Bakr, Muhammad's companion, now the site of the local Hilton hotel; the house of Muhammad's grandson Ali-Oraid and the Mosque of abu-Qubais, now the location of the King's palace in Mecca; Muhammad's birthplace, demolished to make way for a library; and the Ottoman-era Ajyad Fortress, demolished for construction of the Abraj Al Bait Towers.[89] Z dalších disciplín jsou populární zejména volejbal, basketbal a vodní pólo. Ve volejbalu se Íráncům nejnověji podařila kvalifikace na mistrovství světa v Japonsku (2006), jejich mužstvo však při utkáních nezaznamenalo ani jeden úspěch.

Eingangshalle und Gebetsraum der Zayed Moschee Abu Dhabi

Because of donations from wealthy followers, the group was well-armed and trained. Some members, like al-Otaybi, were former military officials of the National Guard.[24] Some National Guard troops sympathetic to the insurgents smuggled weapons, ammunition, gas masks and provisions into the mosque compound over a period of weeks before the new year.[25] Automatic weapons were smuggled from National Guard armories and the supplies were hidden in the hundreds of tiny underground rooms under the mosque that were used as hermitages.[26] Saudi 1 - KSA1. Saudi TV Channel 1 (KSA 1) is a news and entertainment TV channel. It is based in Riyadh. It offers cultural, political, and economic issues and it showings religious programmes and Islamic rituals

Telekolleg Geschichte (9): Saudi-Arabien – Geld und Macht

In 1517, the Sharif, Barakat bin Muhammed, acknowledged the supremacy of the Ottoman Caliph but retained a great degree of local autonomy.[75] News reports in November 1916[80] via contact in Cairo with returning Hajj pilgrims, said that with the Ottoman Turkish authorities gone, Mecca at Hajj 1916 was thankfully free of the previous massive extortion and illegal money-demanding by Turks who were agents of the Ottoman government.

15. ledna 2013 prohlásil íránský ministr ekonomiky Sejed Šamsedí Hosejní, že íránská republika hodlá postupně zcela vyloučit ze zahraničních obchodních transakcí západní měny, zejména euro a americký dolar.[32] Zejména ve zbavování se vlivu dolaru jde o dlouhodobější trend. For higher education, the city has only one university, Umm Al-Qura University, which was established in 1949 as a college and became a public university in 1979.[citation needed]

L'Isha à Mekka aujourd'hui ! | VIDEO #Sudais #EmotionIslamischer Kalender – WikipediaZeldzame foto's: Iraanse vrouwen die in 1979 tegen deBasim Ghozlan | Norske forhold

Od revoluce v roce 1979 je Írán islámskou republikou v čele s titulární hlavou státu – prezidentem (v současnosti je jím Hasan Rúhání). Skutečnou moc v zemi má však v rukou rahbar, tedy duchovní vůdce, jehož volí tzv. Rada expertů na doživotí (od roku 1989 je jím Sajjid Alí Chameneí). Duchovní vůdce má právo jmenovat nejvyšší soudce, je vrchním velitelem ozbrojených sil a jmenuje Radu dohlížitelů, instituci, již lze označit za jakýsi ústavní soud s rozšířenými pravomocemi. Prezident, volený obyvatelstvem na čtyři roky, stojí v čele vlády, avšak duchovní vůdce má právo jej z úřadu odvolat. Zákonodárnou moc má jednokomorové Islámské poradní shromáždění (Madžlis-e šúrá-je islámí), jehož 290 členů je voleno obyvatelstvem (kromě let 2000–2004 v něm vždy dominovaly konzervativní síly). Shromáždění je nezávislé na výkonné moci a nelze ho zásahem prezidenta rozpustit. Volební právo mají občané již od 15 let věku, kromě poslanců a prezidenta se volí ještě 86 členů Rady expertů. V soudním systému se uplatňuje právo šaría, i když spousta ohledů evroého práva zůstala. Last year, Saudi Arabia broke off diplomatic relations with Iran after rioters stormed the Saudi Embassy in Tehran while protesting Saudi Arabia’s execution of Nimr al-Nimr, an outspoken Shiite cleric who had criticized the Saudi royal family. Saudi Arabia seeks to avert war in the region: Saudi minister Adel Al Jubeir. King Salman calls for Arab meet on current escalation in region in the territorial waters of the UAE and the Iran. Officials here speculated that the seizure of the Grand Mosque might have been made in response to recent calls from Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Iranian revolutionary leader, for a general uprising by fundamentalist Moslems in the Middle East.Communications with Saudi Arabia were limited to military satellite transmissions after the blackout went into effect. Officials at RCA Global Communications and International Telephone and Telegraph reported that no commercial lines were operating.

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